A Working Bibliography for the Study of the Pennsylvania German Language and Its Sources

A Working Bibliography for the Study of the Pennsylvania German Language and Its Sources
Compiled by Otto Springer
Philadelphia: Department of Germanic Languages, University of Pennsylvania, 1941.
Edited with transcriptions and hyperlinks by Richard Mammana, 2017—

A. General Descriptions and Discussions

1. Bonneheur, A. de. “Pennsylvania Dutch,” Nation, LXVII (1898), 482.

2. Buffington, A. F. Pennsylvania German: A Grammatical and Linguistic Study of the Dialect (Ph.D. Thesis, Harvard University, 1937; typewritten).

3. Buffington, A. F. “Characteristic Features of Pennsylvania German: An Attempt to Correct Some Erroneous Impressions Concerning the Dialect,” ’s Pennsylfawnish Deitsch Eck, December 10, 17, 1938.

4. Buffington, A. F. “Pennsylvania German: Its Relation to Other German Dialects,” American Speech, XIV (1939), 276-286.

5. Buffington, A. F. “Pennsylfawnisch,” in Handwörterbuch des Grenz- und Auslandsdeutschtums (Breslau, 1939).

6. Eshleman, C. H. “The Origin of the Pennsylvania German Dialect,” ’s Pennsylfawnish Deitsch Eck, November 2, 9, 16, 1935.

7. Faust, A. B. “German Language: Its Application as Official Language in the United States and Especially in Pennsylvania,” in The German Element in the United States, 2nd edition (New York, 1927), pp. 652-656.

7a. Gibbons, P. E. 

8. Götz, K. “Pennsylvania-Dutch, ein pfälzisch-englischer Dialekt,” Pfälz. Museum, XLVI (1929), 162-164.

9. Grumbine, L. L. The Pennsylvania German Dialect: A Study of Its Status as a Spoken Dialect and Form of Literary Expression, with Reference to Its Capabilities and Limitations, and Lines Illustrating Same (Lancaster, 1902) (Proceedings of the Pennsylvania-German Society, XII).

10. Haldeman, S. S. “On the German Vernacular of Pennsylvania,” in Transactions of the American Phil. Ass., I (1869-70), 80-83.

11. Haldeman, S. S. Pennsylvania Dutch: A Dialect of South German with an Infusion of English (London, 1872), 69 pp.

11a. Hart, A.B. “The Pennsylvania Dutch,” Boston Evening Transcript (1907) cf. also The Pennsylvania German, VIII (1907), 539-543.

12. Hocker, E. W. “A Defiant Dialect: Pennsylvania German in Fiction,” The Pennsylvania-German, XI (1910), 592-602.

13. [duplicate]

13a. Horne, A. R. Pennsylvania German Manual, 1st ed. (Kutztown, 1875), 170 pp.; 2nd ed. (Allentown, 1896), 415 pp.; 3rd ed. (Allentown, 1905), 192 pp.; 4th ed. (Allentown, 1910), 372 pp.

14. “Is Pennsylvania German a Language? An Old Dispute,” ’s Pennsylfawnish Deitsch Eck, July 15, 1939.

15. Kloss, H. Nebensprachen (Wien, 1929), 60 pp.

16. Kloss, H. “Varianten der pennsylvaniadeutschen Sprache,” Monatshefte f. dt. U., XXI (1929), pp. 225-230.

17. Knortz, K. “Deutsch-Pennsylvanisch,” Der deutsche Pionier, V (1874), 66-70.

18. Learned, M. D. Pennsylvania German Dialect, Part 1 (Baltimore, 1889), 114 pp.; also in The American Journal of Philology, IX (1888), 64-83, 178-197, 326-339, 425-456; X (1889), 288-315.

19. Learned, M. D. “Application of the Phonetic System of the American Dialect Society to Pennsylvania German,” Modern Language Notes, V (1890), 237-241.

20. Leisenring, E.D. “Pennsylvanisch-Deutsch,” Der deutsche Pionier, XIV (1882), 70.

21. Mays, G. Why the Pennsylvania German Still Prevails in the Eastern Section of the State (Reading, 1904) 16 pp.

22. Mencken, H. L. The American Language, 4th edition (New York, 1938), pp. 616-621.

22a. Pelz, E. Die deutsch Sprache gegenüber dem Englischen, besonders in Nord-amerika (Leipzig und New York, 1855).

23. “Pennsylvania-Deutsch,” Globus, 80 (1901), 292.

24. Penzl, H. “The Present Status of Research in the Pennsylvania German Dialect,” ’s Pennsylfawnish Deitsch Eck, February 13, 1937.

25. Penzl, H. “Der gegenwärtige Stand der Forschung im pennsylvanisch-deutschen Dialekt,” Sprachkunde, Juli, 1937.

25a. Rauch’s Pennsylvania Dutch Hand-Book / Pennsylvania Deitsch Hond-Booch (Mauch Chunk, 1879), 238 pp.

26. Rupp, J. D. “Eppes über Pennsylvänisch-Deutsch,” Der deutsche Pionier, II (1870), 307-9.

27. Schuler, H. A. “The Spelling of Our Dialect,” The Pennsylvania German, VII (1906), 31-35.

28. Stahr, J. L. “Pennsylvania German,” The Mercersburg Review, 17 (1870), 618-34.

29. Tucker, R. W. “Linguistic Substrata in Pennsylvania and Elsewhere,” Language X (1934), 1-5.

30. Ziegler, C. C. “Is Pennsylvania German A Dialect?” The Pennsylvania German, IX (1908), 66-68.

II. Dialect Studies of Particular Areas

a) in Pennsylvania

31. Buffington, A. F. : A Grammatical and Linguistic Study of Pennsylvania German (Ph.D., Harvard University, 1937; typewritten) based primarily on Dauphin, Schuylkill, and Northumberland counties.

32. Frey, J. W. The German Dialect of Eastern York County, Pa., (Ph.D. Thesis, University of Illinois, typewritten), 478 pp.

33. Frey, J. W. “The Pennsylvania German Dialect in York County,” ’s Pennsylfawnish Deitsch Eck, February 3, 10, 1940.

34. Oswald, V. A., Jr. (A Study of the Pennsylvania German and the English as spoken by the rural community of Best Station, Washington Township, Lehigh County; in preparation).

35. Reed, C. E. and Seifert, L. W. J. The Pennsylvania German Dialect Spoken in the Counties of Lehigh and Berks (Ph.D. Thesis, Brown University, 1941, typewritten).

36. Reed, C. E. (field work in Lancaster County, 1941).

37. Schach, P. (A Study of the Pennsylvania German in the Reading Area; in preparation).

38. Seifert, L. W. J. (field work in Dauphin and Snyder Counties, 1941). 

39. Seifert, L. W. J. “Dialect Differences between and within Western Berks and Western Lehigh Counties, Pa.,” ’s Pennsylfawnish Deitsch Eck, March 15, 22, 29, 1941.

40. Seifert, L. W. J. “Causes of the Dialect Differences between and within Western Berks and Western Lehigh Counties, Pa.,” ’s Pennsylfawnish Deitsch Eck, July 26, August 2, 1941.

b) In Illinois

41. Penzl, H. “The Pennsylvania German Dialect in Sterling, Illinois,” ’s Pennsylfawnish Deitsch Eck, April 10, 1937.

42. Penzl, H. “A Pennsylvania German Sprachinsel near Arthur, Illinois,” ’s Pennsylfawnish Deitsch Eck, March 12, 1938.

43. Shoemaker, A. L. Studies on the Pennsylvania German Dialect of the Amish Community in Arthur, Illinois (Ph. Thesis, University of Illinois, 1940; typewritten).

c) In Iowa

44. Bender, R. A Study of the Pennsylvania German Dialect as Spoken in Johnson County (M.A. Thesis, University of Iowa, 1929; typewritten).

d) In Maryland

45. Eshleman, C. H. “The Pennsylvania German Dialect in Maryland,” ’s Pennsylfawnish Deitsch Eck, February 26, 1938.

e) In North Carolina

Gehrke, W. H. “The Transition from the German to the English Language in North Carolina,” The North Carolina Historical Review, XII (1935), 1-19.

f) In Virginia

Hays, H. M. “On the German Dialect, Spoken in the Valley of Virginia,” Dialect Notes, III (1908), 263-278.

III. Special Problems

48. Aron, A. W. “The Gender of English Loan Words in Colloquial American German,” Curme Volume of Linguistic Studies (Baltimore, 1930) (Language Monographs, VII), pp. 11-28.

49. Frey, J. W. A Morphological and Syntactical Study of the Pennsylvania German Dialect of Pumpernickle Bill (M.A. Thesis, University of Illinois, 1939; typewritten).

50. Frey, J. W. “Some Observations on Bilingualism in Eastern York County,” ’s Pennsylfawnish Deitsch Eck, February 15, 1941.

50a. Frey, J. W. “The English of the Pennsylvania Germans in York County, Pa.,” ’s Pennsylfawnish Deitsch Eck, May 18, 1940.

51. Graeff, A. D. “Standardizing Pennsylvania German Orthography,” ’s Pennsylfawnish Deitsch Eck, May 13, 1939 (Reprint from The Historical Review of Berks County, April, 1939).

51a. Grumbine, L. L. “Provincialisms of the ‘Dutch’ Districts of Pennsylvania,” Transactions of the American Philological Association, XVII (1886) Appendix, pp. XII ff.

52. Heydrick, B. A. “Provincialisms of South-Eastern Pennsylvania: A List of Dialect Expressions, Chiefly of Pennsylvania German Origin, Found in Lancaster and Adjoining Counties,” German-American Annals, New Series, Vol. V (1907), 307-13; VI (1908), 32-52.

53. King, W. L. “Pennsylvania German Plant Names,” ’s Pennsylfawnish Deitsch Eck, July 10, 17, 24, 1937.

54. Kloss, H. “Die deutsche Sprache in der Pennsylvanischen Schule,” Völkische Wissenschaft, Supl. of Die Westmark, November, 1935.

55. Kloss, H. “The Spelling of the Pennsylvania German,” ’s Pennsylfawnish Deitsch Eck, April 3, 1937.

56. Kloss, H. “Pennsylvania German: A Dialect without a True Name,” ’s Pennsylfawnish Deitsch Eck, May 7, 1938. 

57. Kloss, H. “Afrikaans and Pennsylvanish,” ’s Pennsylfawnish Deitsch Eck, March 25, 1939.

58. Kloss, H. “Are Pennsylvania German Dialect Speakers Illiterate?” ’s Pennsylfawnish Deitsch Eck, June 3, 1939.

59. Lick, D. E. and Brendle, T. R. Plant Names and Plant Lore among the Pennsylvania Germans (Lancaster, 1926) (Proceedings of the Pennsylvania German Society, XXXIII).

60. Lohr, O. “Die Deutsche Sprache in Nordamerika im 17. Jh.” Mitteilungen der deutschen Akademie, 1933, pp. 90-103.

61. “A New Garment for Our Dialect,” ’s Pennsylfawnish Deitsch Eck, February 4, 1939.

62. Page, E. F. “English in the Pennsylvania German Area,” American Speech, XI (1937), 203-206.

63. “Pannhaas,” ’s Pennsylfawnish Deitsch Eck, April 9, 1938.

64. Penzl, H. “Lehnwörter mit mittelenglisch a vor r im pennsylvanisch-deutschen Dialekt,” JEGPh., XXXVII (1938), 396-402.

64a. Prettyman, C. W. “Dialectical Peculiarities in the Carlisle Vernacular,” German-American Annals, New Series, V (1907), 67-79.

65. Runyeon, M. Pennsylvania German in the Reading “Adler,” 1837-57, Abstract in Historical Review of Berks County, April, 1937 (Thesis, Pennsylvania State College, 1936).

66. Struble, G. G. “The English of the Pennsylvania Germans,” American Speech, X (1935), 163-172.

IV. Dictionaries of Pennsylvania German.

66a. Bender, Ruth. A Study of the Pennsylvania German Dialect as Spoken in Johnson County (M.A. Thesis, University of Iowa, 1929; typewritten), pp. 1-72: Vocabulary.

66b. Frey, J. W. Supplement to a Morphological and Syntactical Study of the Pennsylvania German Dialect of Pumpernickle Bill (University of Illinois, 1939, typewritten), 78 pp.

66c. Frey, J. W. The German Dialect of Eastern York County, Pa. (Ph.D. Thesis, University of Illinois, 1939; typewritten), 78 pp.

67. Hoffman, W. J. Grammatic Notes and Vocabulary of the Pennsylvania German Dialect (Lancaster, 1888) (Proceedings of the American Phil. Soc., XXVI), pp. 200-285: Vocabulary (5689 words).

68. Lambert, M. B. A Dictionary of the Non-English Words of the Pennsylvania German Dialect (Lancaster, 1924) (Proceedings of the Pennsylvania German Society, XXX), 193 pp. (16438 entries).

69. Lins, J. C. Common Sense Pennsylvania German Dictionary, Containing Nearly All the Pennsylvania German Words in Common Use (Reading, 1887) 2d ed. (Reading, 1895).

69a. Miller, Daniel. Pennsylvania German, Vol. II (Reading, 1911), pp. 9-45: Vocabulary (1212 words).

69b.  Shoemaker, A. L. Studies of the Pennsylvania German Dialect of the Amish Community in Arthur, Illinois (Ph.D. Thesis, University of Illinois, 1940; typewritten), pp. 70-104: Vocabulary.

70. For special glossaries, cf. H. H. Reichard, Pennsylvania German Dialect Writings and Their Writers (Lancaster, 1918), pp. 396-397.

1 Comment

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One response to “A Working Bibliography for the Study of the Pennsylvania German Language and Its Sources

  1. Valerie Webster

    Good for you! Way to empower scholarship! Valerie

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