Category Archives: Personal

Sei generazioni di discendenti Billone

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April 19, 2022 · 2:54 am

Five generations of descendants of Placido Viglianti

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April 18, 2022 · 12:24 am

Wöppels in Baden and Easton

Compiled 1999-2022 by Richard Mammana. Please email with corrections and additions.

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Filed under Genealogy, Pennsylvania German, Personal

Descendants of Lorenzo Cacciacarro in Roseto Valfortore and Pennsylvania

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April 12, 2022 · 1:23 pm

Five Generations of Descendants of Michele Cacciacarro in Roseto Valfortore and Pennsylvania

Please send corrections, changes, or additions to Richard Mammana.

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Filed under Genealogy, Personal, Roseto

Schwenkfelder Immigrant Burial Sites

Wagener graves at Easton Cemetery

Kraussdale Schwenkfelder Cemetery, 40.4255900, -75.4985400

Hosensack Schwenkfelder Cemetery, 40.4382362, -75.5173645

Yeakel Private Cemetery, Hosensack, 40.4381180, -75.5249252

Washington Schwenkfelder Cemetery, 40.4103100, -75.5594400

Private Cemetery, John K. Heebner Farm, 40.2175120, -75.3628660

Private Cemetery, Hiram K. Kriebel Farm, 40.1946106, -75.3699799

Salford Schwenkfelder Cemetery, 40.2698326, -75.3479843

Methacton Mennonite Cemetery, 40.1714287, -75.3793488

Towamencin Schwenkfelder Cemetery, 40.2202644, -75.3281479

Yeakel Cemetery, Chestnut Hill, Pa., 40.0858000, -75.2056000

Pilgrim Cemetery, Philadelphia, Pa., location uncertain as of 1934

Hood Cemetery, Philadelphia, Pa., 40.0285988, -75.1622009

New Goshenhoppen Church Cemetery, East Greenville, Pa., 40.3999405, -75.5149231

On Farm near Dr. J. G. Mensch Mill, Pennsburg, Pa., now under water of Green Lane Reservoir

Easton Cemetery, Easton, Pa., 40.6967010, -75.2189026

Private Cemetery near Hagerstown, Md., untraced

GPS coordinates and links added 2022

Digested by Richard J. Mammana from Unveiling of Monuments and Marking and Decorating of Graves of Schwenkfelder Immigrants: A Bicentennial Project (Pennsburg: The Schwenkfelder Churches in America, 1934). Thanks are due to Schwenkfelder Library archivist Hunt Schenkel for a copy of the bicentennial booklet.

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A Service for the Communion of the Lord’s Supper (1928)

¶ The Sacrament of the Lord’s Supper, or the Communion, is to be observed at stated times in connection with the regular Morning Worship, and also in connection with the Evening Worship, in cases where it is not possible in the morning. Reception of Members and Consecration of Child may appropriately be held in connection with the Communion Service. It is proper that public notice should be given to the congregation, at least two weeks before the administration of the ordinance, and either then or on some week day, or evening of the week, the people be instructed in its nature and responsibilities, so all may come in a suitable manner, prepared in mind and heart for this sacred service.

¶ When the Communion is to be administered, the service may proceed according to the regular service on the Lord’s Day until the end of the sermon. The hymns and sermon should be of such a character as to stimulate the proper kind of devotion for the Communion Service that is to follow.

¶ At the close of the sermon, one of the following hymns may be sung softly by the congregation, while the minister uncovers the elements, prepared to bless and distribute the same:

“Just as I am, without one plea.”
“Break thou the bread of life.”
“Bread of the world in mercy broken.”
“Jesus, thou joy of loving hearts.”


¶ The minister may use his own words or one of the following:

Almighty God unto whom all hearts are open, all desires known, and from whom no secrets are hid; cleanse the thoughts of our hearts by the inspiration of thy Holy Spirit, that we may perfectly love thee, and worthily magnify thy Holy Name, through Jesus Christ our Lord. Amen.

or this

Almighty God, our Heavenly Father, we give thanks to Thee that Thou of Thine infinite mercy, didst give Thine only Son, Jesus Christ, to be the Redeemer of all who put their trust in Him. We thank Thee that He endured the cross, despising the shame, that by His sacrifice for the sins of the world, He might become the world’s Saviour. We beseech Thee now as we are about to observe this Holy Supper instituted by Him as a Holy Memorial to be cherished by His church, of His holy passion and precious death, His mighty resurrection and glorious ascension. By the effectual working of Thy Holy Spirit in our hearts, wilt Thou sanctify and bless to us these elements, symbols of the body that was broken, and the blood that was shed for us, assurance of His eternal love. May we receive by faith Christ crucified for us, and so feed upon Him that He may be one with us, and we with Him. May we so partake of this bread and this cup that our hearts and lives may be yielded to the sway of His Spirit.

And, we humbly beseech Thee, most merciful Father, that as with penitent hearts we strive to follow Him, we may have the assurance that our sins are forgiven. Here we offer and present to Thee, O Lord, ourselves, our souls, and our bodies to be a reasonable, holy and living sacrifice unto Thee, praying that we may be filled with Thy grace and heavenly benediction; that we may be led in the way of truth and peace, through Jesus Christ our Lord. Amen.


Come to this sacred table of the Lord, all ye who love Him in sincerity and in truth; who are able to discern the holy purpose of this ordinance, and who desire to consecrate themselves anew to His service. Take the supper of the Lord to your comfort in faith and thanksgiving.

Come not because you must, but because you may; come to testify not that you are righteous, but that you sincerely desire to be His true disciples; come not because you are strong but because you are weak; come not because you are worthy of heaven’s rewards, but because you stand in need of His mercy and pardon.

Now that this Supper is spread before you, lift up your minds and hearts above all selfish fears and cares. Let these emblems be to you the witness and signs of the grace of our Lord Jesus, the love of God and the communion of the Holy Spirit. Before the throne of the heavenly Father and the cross of the Redeemer, make your humble confession of sin, consecrating your lives to Christian obedience and service, and pray for strength to do and bear the holy and blessed will of God.


¶ Then the minister shall repeat the words of Institution as follows:

Our Lord Jesus, the same night in which he was betrayed, took bread, and when he had given thanks, he brake it and said: Take, eat; this is my body which is broken for you; this do in remembrance of me.

In like manner he also took the cup, when he had supped, saying, This cup is the new covenant in my blood: this do ye, as oft as ye drink it, in remembrance of me. For as oft as ye eat this bread and drink this cup, ye do show the Lord’s death till He come.


¶ The minister shall then take the bread, and say as he makes the distribution:

Ministering in His name, I give this bread unto you. Take and eat this in remembrance that Christ died for you, and feed on Him in your hearts by faith and thanksgiving.

¶ After the people have been served, the minister shall take the cup and say:

I give this cup unto you. Drink this in remembrance that Christ’s blood was shed for you, and be thankful.

¶ After the people have been served, the minister may offer a


Almighty and most merciful God, who hast called us to sit together in heavenly places at this feast of love, we give thanks to Thee for Thy great goodness vouchsafed to us in this sacred Communion. Grant, we beseech Thee, that we may so partake of the very life of Christ, that He may live again in us. May we be changed into His likeness, that at last He may present us faultless before the presence of His glory with exceeding joy. Amen

¶ During the distribution of the elements, the organ may be played softly, and the minister may read appropriate scripture sentences. Then may follow:


¶ One of the following may be used:

“Beneath the Cross of Jesus.”
“Rock of ages, cleft for me.”
“More love to thee, O Christ.”
“My faith looks up to thee.”
“A parting hymn we sing.”

¶ The people will maintain a reverent attitude while the minister offers


The peace of God, which passeth all understanding, keep your hearts and minds in the knowledge and love of God, and of his Son, Jesus Christ our Lord; And the blessing of God Almighty, the Father, the Son and the Holy Spirit, be amongst you, and remain with you always. Amen.

¶ After the Benediction the communicants may remain in silent prayer for a moment.


—The Committee of Ministers of the General Conference of the Schwenkfelder Church, Book of Worship for Church and Home with Orders of Service, Prayers, and Other Aids to Devotion (Pennsburg, 1928).

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Filed under Book of Common Prayer, Genealogy, Liturgy, Pennsylvania German, Personal

Six Generations of Roseto Trigianis

© Richard Mammana 2000-2022

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March 30, 2022 · 6:55 pm

A New Episcopal Church: Services in English and Italian at St. Michael’s (1886)

An Episcopal church and parish has for the first time been established in the Fourteenth Ward. The edifice, which has been named St. Michael’s, is situated on North Fifth street, between Bedford avenue and Driggs street. The building was, until within the past few months, occupied by the First United Presbyterian congregation which now worships in a structure purchased from St. Paul’s German Lutheran Society, at the corner of South First and Rodney streets. The structure was purchased from the United Presbyterians by the energetic rector of Christ’s Church in Bedford avenue, opposite Morton street, the Rev. Dr. James H. Darlington, for $7,500, and it was put in thorough repair.

The edifice is of wood and is surmounted by a large cross. The exterior has been painted and the interior generally renovated and the pews repaired. It is free and clear of debt of any kind and will be opened to-morrow as an Episcopal mission church. The Rev. Dr. Darlington will have charge of it until it becomes self supporting, which he expects it will be in a couple of years. Services will be conducted in the forenoon by Mr. Robert W. Cochrane, of Christ Church, in the afternoon a Sabbath school will be organized, and instructions given by the members of Christ Church, and in the evening services will be conducted in Italian by the Rev. Albert Pace for the benefit of his fellow countrymen. Mr. Pace has charge of the Episcopal Church of the Holy Cross in South Brooklyn, and he was appointed by Bishop Littlejohn to conduct services Sunday evenings at St. Michael’s.

To-morrow evening Dr. Darlington will formally open the mission and will preach. A sewing school will meet Saturdays between 10 A.M. and 12 M. The ladies of Christ Church take a deep interest in the new parish and have been working hard for the past week. An EAGLE reporter had a conversation with Dr. Darlington about the new church.

“We have long felt the want of an Episcopal Church in the Fourteenth Ward,” said the doctor, “where a good many poor English Episcopalians live who do not like to come so far to St. Mark’s, Grace or Christ Church. Christ Church took the initiative in the missionary work and opened one in the small building on North Third street, but the trustees who control the structure not being Episcopalians thought it would be best to have ministers in charge of it who did not wear surplices or conduct High Church services, so we left. I saw that the Italians were being neglected by the churches, as no temple was opened for them in which the Word would be expounded for them in their native tongue, so I concluded to do what I could to bring them under Christian influence.”
The Brooklyn Daily Eagle, December 19, 1886

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St. Michael’s Church: The New Episcopal Mission for the Benefit of Italians (1886)

St. Michael’s Episcopal Church, on North Fifth street, near Bedford avenue, an account of which was published in yesterday’s EAGLE, was formally opened for public worship yesterday morning, when services were conducted in Italian by the Rev. Alberto Pace, of Holy Cross Church, in South Brooklyn. The cosy little wooden edifice was filled with sons and daughters of Italy from all parts of the city. Some of them were military men with high sounding titles, and others represented Masonic bodies. The newly painted walls and the cushioned seats gave to the place an attractive appearance. The arrangement of the altar and the railing inclosing it resembled very closely that used in the Roman Catholic churches; in fact, the difference was very little. The services, too, were as closely similar in form as they could well be under a High Church ritual to those of the Catholic Church. The minister wore a surplice and was attended by eleven surpliced acolytes at the lighted high altar. There was a procession during the services.
The Rev. Mr. Pace in his sermon referred to the fact that this was the second mission church started by the Episcopalians for the benefit of Italians. He attributed the establishment of the present one to the energetic and able rector of Christ Church, on Bedford avenue, opposite Morton street, the Rev. Dr. Darlington. In closing he said that he was making a strenuous effort to bring his country people in that section of the city under the church’s influence. Dr. Darlington assisted at the services.
The evening services were in English and the church was filled by members of Christ Church mostly. Dr. Darlington, the Rev. Dr. C. Ellis Stevens and the Rev. Lorenzo S. Russell officiated.
Dr. Darlington preached from St. Matthew vii:7, “Ask and you shall receive.” “This Mission Church, said the preacher, came in answer to prayer. I had long contemplating opening a mission station in the Fourteenth Ward, where there was no Episcopal temple of worship. A few years ago Christ Church people, for I shall not arrogate the credit to myself, opened one in North Third street, near Bedford avenue, and the Rev. Mr. Cooper was placed in charge of it. After the death of the lamented clergyman we left the building, as the trustees probably thought it best to have other forms of service conducted there. My people asked me what we would do next. I told them to pray to God to open a place of worship to us in the ward. We were almost without hope at the time. One day not many months ago, a stranger to me, wrote me a letter offering to deed us lots in the Fourteenth ward on which to erect a church structure. When I met her later I asked her how it was that the idea occurred to her at that particular time, and she said that she had been reading missionary papers, and while making inquiries as to how she could best aid the church in the ward, and she was informed of my efforts. I accepted her offer. While looking around I heard that the present building, which then belonged to the United Presbyterian Society, was for sale, and the lady and her brother, who reside in Long Island, purchased it for $7,500 and paid $500 additional for renovating it. They are so modest that they would not give me permission even to mention their names. They said that the temple was given for the service of the Lord and not for self glorification. Such was the power of prayer in this instance. At some future day I expect, and have been given so to understand, that this parish will be endowed, should it not in the meantime be self-sustaining, as I believe it will be.
The Rev. Dr. Stevens, who is organizing secretary of the Missionary Committee of this diocese, expressed the hope that this was the first of a number of new Episcopal churches in Brooklyn, and said the Missionary Committee of the diocese was property, and to the activity of Dr. Darlington and of the parishioners of Christ Church in the work. Addressing especially the members of the new congregation of St. Michael’s, he said he hoped they would make the church their home—the threshold of the eternal home.
After the services the congregation, at Dr. Darlington’s invitation, inspected the Sunday school hall in the basement, which is a neatly fitted up apartment.
The Brooklyn Daily Eagle, December 20, 1886, p. 2.

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