Translations of the Book of Common Prayer

Beginning in 1999, I have worked on digitizing the Book of Common Prayer in languages other than English. This is a current list of languages. Links are available at this address.

  1. Addo
  2. Afrikaans
  3. Ainu
  4. Amharic
  5. Aoba
  6. Arabic
  7. Arapaho
  8. Armeno-Turkish
  9. Arosi
  10. Ateso
  11. Awabakal Dialect
  12. Bandi
  13. Bemba
  14. Binandere
  15. Bislama
  16. Bontok Igorot
  17. Bugotu
  18. Bukar
  19. Bullom So
  20. Cheke Holo
  21. Cherokee
  22. Cheyenne
  23. Chichewa
  24. Chinese
  25. Chinsenga
  26. Chinyanja
  27. Chipewyan
  28. Cigogo
  29. Cornish
  30. Cree
  31. Dakota
  32. Deg Xinag
  33. Dinka
  34. Eastern Canadian Inuktitut (Eastern Arctic Eskimo)
  35. English
  36. Eskimo (Point Hope Dialect)
  37. Fijian
  38. Florida Language
  39. French
  40. German
  41. Giatikshan
  42. Grebo
  43. Greek
  44. Haida
  45. Hausa
  46. Hawai’ian
  47. Hebrew
  48. Hindi
  49. “Hindoostanee”
  50. Hungarian
  51. Iban
  52. Igbo
  53. Italian
  54. Japanese
  55. Kamba
  56. Karamojong
  57. Kigiryama
  58. Kikuyu
  59. Kirundi
  60. Kisi
  61. Korean
  62. Kreyol
  63. Kwagūtl
  64. Kwanyama
  65. Kwara’ae
  66. Lau
  67. Lavukaleve
  68. Lombaha
  69. Longu
  70. Luganda
  71. Luhya
  72. Maasai (Samburu)
  73. Maewo
  74. Maisin
  75. Malagasy
  76. Malay
  77. Manx
  78. Marathi
  79. Masaba
  80. Merelava
  81. Miriam
  82. Mohawk
  83. Mota
  84. Mundari
  85. Nduindui
  86. Neklakapamuk
  87. Nishga
  88. Norwegian
  89. Nume
  90. Nupe
  91. Ojibwe
  92. Orokaiva (Pereho)
  93. Ottawa Ojibwe
  94. Pashto
  95. Persian
  96. Raga
  97. Russian
  98. Sa’a
  99. Samburu
  100. Samoan
  101. Santa Ana
  102. Saulteaux
  103. Selako
  104. Serbian
  105. Sesutho
  106. Seychellois Creole
  107. Shekiri
  108. Shona
  109. Shoshoni
  110. Sikaiana
  111. Sindhi
  112. Spanish
  113. Swedish
  114. Tagalog
  115. Taita
  116. Tamil
  117. Taveta
  118. Telugu
  119. Thai
  120. Tigara
  121. Tikopia
  122. Toga
  123. Tok Pisin
  124. Tongan
  125. Ubir
  126. Ukrainian
  127. Ulawa
  128. Upper Koyukon
  129. Vai
  130. Vaturanga
  131. Welsh
  132. Western Eskimo
  133. Wichí
  134. Yiddish
  135. Zimshian
  136. Zulu
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2017 Advent Calendars

FMAC06.jpg

The Metropolitan Museum returns a relatively poor showing again this year with scaled-back offerings on Advent calendars, despite a dedicated catalog section for the same. The avian calendar is the most worthwhile; old customers will miss the New York-themed calendars.

The Art Institute of Chicago has an attractive, reusable calendar with 24 numbered doors behind which one can add small things.

The (US) National Gallery has a bland selection of ten calendars.

The (UK) National Gallery does a somewhat better job, especially in its provision of an Advent candle-calendar and the ongoing offering of the very wonderful altarpieces calendar.

Top prize for good calendars this year goes to the Fitzwilliam Museum at Cambridge, whose eight offerings cover themes religious, Japanese, and medieval.

The standout from Boston’s MFA is an Adoration of the Magi calendar based on a 1423 painting by Gentile da Fabriano.

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Primitive Liturgy is Described Here (1950)

English Prior, 24 Laymen Show Christian Services of 1,750 Years Ago

Dom Gregory Dix, prior of the Anglican Benedictine Abbey, Burnham, Buckinghamshire, England, with the aid of twenty-four of the laity, demonstrated yesterday afternoon the liturgy of Christians in the year 200 A.D. at St. George’s Protestant Episcopal Church, East Sixteenth Street and Stuyvesant Square.

The demonstration was followed by evensong, which ended a “Liturgical Day” for 1,300 liberal evangelical and Anglo-Catholic communicants of the Protestant Episcopal Church here. Bishop Reginald Mallett of Northern Indiana celebrated holy communion yesterday morning and with his assistants faced the congregation from behind St. George’s square altar, following a primitive custom. The liturgy and responses were chanted by the congregation. The sermon was by Dom Gregory Dix.

The day’s ceremonies were begun with a religious procession out-of-doors from the Peace Chapel through East Sixteenth Street to Rutherford Place.

Included in the procession were Bishop Charles K. Gilbert and Suffragan Bishop Horace W. B. Donegan of the New York diocese; Bishop Charles Francis Boynton, formerly of Puerto Rico, suffragan-elect of New York; Suffragan Bishop Jonathan G. Sherman of Long Island, Bishop Mallett and rectors of neighboring churches. Among the latter were the Rev. Edward O. Miller, host, and the Rev. Wilfred P. Penny of St. Ignatius’ Church, co-sponsors of the day’s program.

The New York Times, October 13, 1950

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Leydich Burying Ground (1921)

Leydich Burying Ground[1]
By John R. Tallis

Formerly, due to the fact that there were no church yards near, it was customary in rural sections among the leading families to bury their dead on their homesteads. For this purpose an elevation overlooking the farm, or near a stream, was usually chosen. The largest private burying ground in this district is known as the Leydich cemetery; it is located in the southwestern part of Frederick township, east of Swamp Creek, near the cross roads one mile south of Keelor’s Church. A unique spot was chosen; at the junction of four farms owned respectively by the Rev. John Phillip Leydich, Christian Stetler, George Michael Kuntz and George Moore; an equal square portion of land from each farm was set apart by each family. This plot was at first surrounded by a beautiful grove of White Oak and Hickory trees, which since has been cut down and all that now remains are a few trees that mark the fence lines. The plot is about 100 feet square in size and is kept in an excellent state of preservation. A stone wall was built in the fall of 1783, the corners of which point direct to the cardinal points of the compass; the corner of the Stetler plot points to the north, of the Moore plot to the east, of the Kuntz plot to the south and of the Leydich plot to the west. According to the will of Christian Stetler another ¼ of an acre is willed to the cemetery on the Stetler side; and George Moore willed a piece of land to run the length of the wall and reach out 40 feet from it on the entrance gate side so that there would be space for the teams at a funeral; these extra plots are not enclosed but are at present farmed by the present owners of the surrounding farms. Before Keelor’s Church was built the Reformed Congregation voted to locate the church at this burial ground but the location was voted down by the small margin or two or three votes.

There is still in existence an old record book of the burying ground. The entries are written in fine old German script and neatly kept. The first entry is of the expenses of building the stone wall in the fall of 1783 which reads as follows:

Verzeichnis Der Ausgabe an der Begraebnis Blatz

Der 27ten November im Jahr 1783

Erstens Vor Die Maurer bezahlt £16— 0—0
Vor den Handlanger bezahlt 3— 2—6
Vor Kalg bezahlt 6— 3—9
Vor das Thor an den Begraebniss Blatz 1—15—0
Vor Zieglen an den Begraebniss Blatz 3— 6—3
Vor Kost bei Michael Kuntz 1— 7—2
Vor Kost bei Christian Staettler 1— 3—6
Vor Kost bei Phillip Leydich 1— 3—6
Vor Kost bei Jacob Staettler 0—17—6
Vor die Stein bey John Jahn 0—10—6
Vor Rum 0—15—0
£36—4—8

 

Translated the foregoing would read:

 

Record of the first expenses on the burial place

The 27th of November in the year of 1783

 

Paid to the Masons £16— 0—0
Paid to the helpers 3— 2—6
Paid for Lime 6— 3—9
Paid for Gate at Burial Place 1—15—0
Paid for Tiles for Burial Place 3— 6—3
Paid for board to Michael Kuntz 1— 7—2
Paid for board to Christian Staettler 1— 3—6
Paid for board to Phillip Leydich 1— 3—6
Paid for board to Jacob Staettler 0—17—6
Paid for Stones to John Jahn 0—10—6
Paid for Rum 0—15—0
£36—4—8

The rum mentioned in the expenses was made at a public distillery which was located on the road leading from the plot to Fagleysville; the farmers brought in their rye grain and the rum was distilled on shares, the farmer taking half and the distillery half.

To meet these expenses a subscription was taken up amongst the surrounding neighbors and friends and the following is the record:

Verzeichnis der Ersten Einnahm vor den Begraebniss Blatz im Jahr 1783, Den 30ten November

Empfangen von Christian Staettler vor Kalg als ein Ueberrest vom Begraebniss Blatz £0— 17—2
Empfangen von Friederich Weiss 1—5—0
Empfangen von Henrich Sasseman 1—3—4
Empfangen von Casper Achenbach 1—10—0
Empfangen von Jacob Christmann 0—7—6
Empfangen von Georg Michael 0—7—6
Empfangen von Michael Krebb 0—10—0
Empfangen von Catharine Staettler 0—7—6
Empfangen von Benjamin Schneider 0—7—6
Empfangen von Henrich Schmitt 2—0—0
Empfangen von Jacob Staettler 1—10—0
Empfangen von Henrich Grob 0—7—6
Empfangen von Daniel Krauss 0—5—0
Empfangen von Christian Staettler 1—10—0
Empfangen von Joseph Bitting alt 1—2—6
Empfangen von Ludwig Engelhart 3—0—0
Empfangen von Andreas Will 0—7—6
Empfangen von Johannes Herger 0—10—0
Empfangen von Phillip Leydich der alt 3—0—0
Empfangen von Friederich Kuntz 1—10—0
Empfangen von Johannes Staettler 1—10—0
Empfangen von Leonhart Leydich 0—15—0
Empfangen von Phillip Leydich der jung 0—7—0
Empfangen von David Bruch 0—4—3
Empfangen von Michael Kuntz 1—10—0
£26—4—3

 

In the fall of 1797 the old tiles which were placed on top of the wall were removed and a wood cover was put on in their place which is recorded as follows:

Verzeichniss der Ausgabe an Den Begraebniss Blatz im Jahr unsers Herrn 1797.

October den 15, 1797

Erstens vor Bord bezahlt an Den Begraebniss Blatz £9—16—8
Wieder vor Kalg bezahlt 1—19—9
Wieder vor Naegel bezahlt 2—6—7
Wieder vor Farb bezahlt 0—8—6
Wieder vor Mauren bezahlt 3—3—6
Wieder vor Schreinerei bezahlt 6—15—6
Wieder vor Saegen bezahlt 1—10—0
Wieder vor Lein ohl bezahlt 2—5—0
Wieder vor Ein Schreib buch bezahlt 0—2—4
Wieder vor Beintin bezahlt 6—7—6
£34—15—6

 

Again subscriptions were asked for and the response was as follows.

Verzeichniss Der Einnahm an den Begraebniss Blatz im Jahr unseres Herrn 1797.

Erstens vermacht von Henrich Krauss £5—0—0
Wieder Ziegelen Verkauft als das Dach vom alten Begraebniss Blatz 2—4—5
Empfangen von Catharine Staettler widow 1—2—6
Empfangen von Georg Adam Schneider 0—5—0
Empfangen von Joseph Bitting 1—2—6
Empfangen von Ludwig Reimer 0—15—0
Empfangen von Fridrich Kuntz 1—2—6
Empfangen von Michael Dotterer 0—3—9
Empfangen von Joseph Bitting jung 0—7—6
Empfangen von Frantz Leydich 1—10—0
Empfangen von Peter Aker 0—7—6
Empfangen von John Reimer 1—2—6
Empfangen von John Neiss, Gaerber 0—15—0
Empfangen von Georg Mohr 0—15—0
Empfangen von Philipp Leydich 0—15—0
Empfangen von Daniel Krauss 1—10—0
Empfangen von Henrich Grob 1—2—6
Empfangen von Saloma Herger 1—2—6
Empfangen von Casper Achenbach 1—2—6
Empfangen von Henrich Sasseman 0—15—0
Empfangen von Georg Michael jung 0—3—9
Empfangen von Gottfried Langbein 0—15—0
Empfangen von Georg Langbein 0—18—9

The next collection was made on October 18th, 1849, and amounted to $42.29. The expenses recorded on October 18th, 1849 were $33.85. This is the last record of money matters in the book. There is a record of burials from Jan. 1784 to Oct. 1838. The names marked by star have their graves marked with gravestones.

Verzeichniss der Verstorbenen welche auf diesem Begraebniss Blatz Begrabed sind seit dem Jahr 1783.

*1. Phillip Leydich, preacher, died Jan. 14, 1784.

  1. Child of Samuel Staettler, died Mar. 3, 1784.
  2. Child of Henrich Krobb, died Jan. 15, 1785.
  3. Child of Georg Wuetling, died Feb. 27, 1785.
  4. Child of Henrich Langbein, died Mar. 7, 1785.
  5. Wife of Henrich Schmitt, died June 24, 1785.

* 7. Wife of Joseph Bitting, died Nov. 5, 1785.

  1. Susanna Bender, died June 14, 1787.
  2. Friedrich Weiss, died March 20, 1788.

* 10. Hanna Staettler, died July 20, 1789.

  1. Andony Herb, died Feb. 13, 1790.
  2. Joseph Mebry, died Oct. 19, 1790.
  3. Johannes Aker, died Jan. 1, 1791.
  4. Henrich Grobb, died Oct. 14, 1791.
  5. Peter Aker’s daughter, died Nov. 8, 1792.
  6. Henrich Schmitt, died Apr. 14, 1793.
  7. Henrich Grauss, died Sep. 28, 1793.
  8. Georg Krauss, died Oct. 6, 1793.
  9. Carl Fuchs’s child, died Oct. 21, 1793.
  10. Christina Krauss, died May 14, 1794.
  11. Henrich Krauss, died Aug. 13, 1794.
  12. John Krob, died 1795.
  13. Child of Elizabeth Reiner, died 1795.

Sofia Leydig, died Oct. 12, 1795.

* 24. Johannes Herger, died Dec. 5, 1795.

  1. Michael Krauss, the lame one, buried Jan. 3. 1797.
  2. Herbin, died Mar. 13, 1797.

* 27. Magdalena Sassamann, died April 15, 1797.

  1. Child of Georg Langbein, died Aug. 7, 1797.
  2. Child of Georg Langbein, buried Aug. 18, 1797.
  3. Child of Georg Adam Schloneker, buried Aug. 20, 1797.
  4. Michael Krauss, Sr., died Dec. 11, 1797.
  5. Johannes Staettler’s daughter, died Jan. 11, 1798.
  6. Henrich Krob’s wife, Barbara, died Nov. 1, 1798.
  7. Abraham Pool—born Oct. 1, 1795; died July 12, 1834.
  8. Gottfried Langbein, buried Feb. 26, 1799.
  9. Joseph Bitting’s daughter Anna, died Mar. 16, 1799.
  10. Friedrich Weiss’s wife, died Feb. 10, 1800.
  11. Michael Schwotz, died Aug. 3, 1800.
  12. Conrad Grob’s wife, Anna, died Sept. 27, 1800.

* 40. Maria Solomae Herger, died Nov. 24, 1800.

* 41. Salomae Leydich, died Apr. 28, 1801.

  1. Catharina Scheid, died July, 1801.

* 43. Maria Catharina Leydich, died Oct. 31, 1801.

* 44. Joseph Bitting, died Dec. 25, 1801.

  1. Henrich Staettler’s child, died Apr. 3, 1802.
  2. Catharina May, died Feb. 24, 1803.

* 47. Benjamin Schneider’s son Henrich, died Mar. 4, 1803.

  1. Henrich Grobb’s daughter, died Nov. 8, 1803.

* 49. Benjamin Schneider, died Feb. 3, 1804.

  1. John Krauss’s son Philipp, died Oct. 18, 1804.
  2. George Langbein’s daughter, died Mar. 12, 1805.
  3. George Scheid’s son Joseph, died July 21, 1803.
  4. Henrich Grob’s daughter, died May 29, 1806.
  5. Samuel Boyer, died May 3, 1807.

* 55. Georg Mohr’s wife, died May 27, 1807.

  1. Casper Roth, died June 24, 1807.
  2. Heinrich Stetler’s son, died Apr. 24, 1808.
  3. Adam Schloneker’s child, died Aug. 25, 1808.

* 59. Casper Achenbach’s child, died Jan. 7, 1809.

  1. Joseph Schmidt’s child, died July 3, 1810.
  2. Isaac Stetler, died July 14, 1810.
  3. Johannes Hofmann’s wife, died Feb. 10, 1811.
  4. Isaac Stetler’s child, died Feb. 23, 1811.

* 64. Franciscus Leydig, died June 2, 1811.

  1. Gottfried Langbein’s wife.

* 66. John Stedtler, died Dec. 30, 1812.

* 67. Johannes Reimer’s wife, died Sept. 27, 1813.

* 68. Christian Stedtler, died Dec. 5, 1813.

  1. Jacob Schwenk’s wife, died Apr. 22, 1814.

* 70. Casper Roth’s son Daniel, died Dec. 5, 1814.

* 71. Adam Stedtler’s wife, died Dec. 14, 1814.

  1. Johannes Christmann’s child, died July 30, 1815.

* 73. Philipp Kuntz’s son Israel, died Aug. 28, 1815.

* 74. Jacob Reifschneider’s son, died Sept. 4, 1815.

  1. Jacob Krauss’s child, died Sept. 16, 1815.
  2. Daniel Krauss’s child, died Sept. 20, 1815.
  3. Daniel Schwenk’s child, died Oct. 18, 1815.
  4. John Christmann’s child, died Apr. 26, 1817.
  5. Adam Schloneker’s child, died May 26, 1817.
  6. Joseph Schmidt’s child, died June 6, 1817.
  7. Jacob Zieber, died Jan. 24, 1817.

* 82. Benjamin Schneider’s wife, died Nov. 19, 1817.

  1. John Christmann’s child.

* 84. Samuel Leydig’s child, died Apr. 1, 1818.

* 85. Ludwig Reimer, died Sept. 10, 1818.

* 86. Ludwig Bitting’s wife, died Sept. 26, 1818.

  1. Henrich Langbein, died Sept. 23, 1819.
  2. Valentin Schneider, died Dec. 13, 1819.
  3. Peter Aker, died 1820.
  4. Johannes Krauss’s son Daniel, died Feb. 18, 1921.
  5. Jacob Krauss’s little child, died Apr. 1, 1821.

* 92. John Emrich’s daughter, died July 19, 1821.

  1. John Emrich’s little child, died Sept. 18, 1821.

* 94. Frantz Leydig’s wife, died Oct. 10, 1821.

  1. Ludwig Reimer’s wife, Susanna, died Jan. 5, 1821.

* 96. Johannes Reimer, died Jan. 18, 1822.

* 97. Philip Leydig, died Mar. 14, 1822.

* 98. Daniel Krauss’s wife, died May 14, 1822.

  1. Richard Greening’s child, died July 28, 1822.
  2. John Stadler’s wife, died July 4, 1823.
  3. Christian Stadtler’s son Christian, died July 26, 1823.

* 102. Friderich Kuntz, died Aug. 19, 1823.

  1. Wilhelm Till, son of Valentine Schneider, died Oct. 2, 1823.

* 104. Daniel Krauss, died Oct. 3, 1823.

* 105. Henrich Langenbein’s wife, died Oct. 10, 1823.

* 106. Jacob Pannebeker, died Oct. 21, 1823.

* 107. John Christman’s wife, died Nov. 28, 1823.

* 108. John Christmann’s child, died Nov. 22, 1823.

  1. Henrich Grob’s wife Maria, died Jan. 3, 1824.

* 110. Georg Mohr, died Jan. 7, 1824.

* 111. Michael Kuntz, died July 7, 1824.

* 112. Philip Kuntz’s child, died Aug. 10, 1824.

  1. Michael Stadtler, died Aug. 17, 1824.

* 114. Philip Lutz’s second child, died Aug. 26, 1824.

  1. Christian Lang’s child, died October 15, 1824.
  2. John Matthaus’s child, died Feb. 16, 1825.

* 117. Fridrich Kuntz’s wife, died July 31, 1825.

  1. Catharina Krauss, died Nov. 17, 1825.

* 119. Elisabeth Langbein, died Mar. 7, 1826.

  1. Philipp Zieber, died Apr. 30, 1826.
  2. Peter Bitting, died June 23, 1826.
  3. Jacob Lietcap.

* 123. Georg Langbein, died Sept. 25, 1826.

  1. Philipp Reiner, died Oct. 11, 1826.

* 125. Christian Stadtler’s wife, died Nov. 3, 1826.

  1. John Kopler’s child, Nov. 6, 1826.

* 127. Heinrich Grob’s wife, died Feb. 11, 1827.

  1. Jacob Zieber’s wife Elisabeth, died Feb. 8, 1828.
  2. Peter Bitting’s wife Catharina, died July 28, 1828.
  3. Daniel Krauss’s wife, died Aug. 10, 1828.

* 131. Jacob Reifschneider’s wife Catharina, died Sept. 23, 1828.

* 132. Ludwig Bitting, died April 3, 1829.

* 133. John Kuntz, died July 15, 1830.

* 134. Heinrich Stadtler’s wife Catharina, died Sept. 16, 1830.

  1. John Aerney.
  2. John Matthis.

* 137. Jacob Reifschneider, died Feb. 26, 1832.

* 138. Michael Kuntz’s wife Salome, died Dec. 4, 1832.

* 139. George Mohr’s son Josua, died Oct. 3, 1833.

  1. Peter Schweisfort, died Jan. 22, 1834.
  2. Jacob Seyler’s wife Maria, nee Leidig, died Apr. 6, 1836.
  3. Peter Schweissford’s wife Maria, nee Bickhart, died May 10, 1839.

* 143. Philipp Kuntz’s wife Elisabeth, died Oct. 11, 1838.

 

Besides the list of burials in the old record book, there is a list of Headstones made by the late George Nyce and placed among the records of the Penn. Hist. Society. Of the late burials the only records we have are from the gravestones and from the list made by Mr. Nyce. From the two lists we get a pretty complete record of the burials from 1783 to the latter part of the last century. Who all were buried on the Stettler plot before the joint cemetery was formed we have no means of ascertaining.

 

  1. Joseph Bitting—Born Dec. 8, 1790; died Oct. 1, 1869.
  2. Elizabeth Bitting, daughter of Peter Schaeffer—Born Apr. 10, 1796; died Feb. 10, 1872.
  3. J.
  4. C. M.
  5. Johannes Emmerich, son of Johannes & Maria Emmerich—Born Mar. 24, 1778; died May 12, 1870.
  6. Margaret Emmerich, daughter of Dan & Margaret—Born Oct. 9, 1872; died Aug. 27, 1851.
  7. William Emrich.
  8. Jesse Emrich, son of Johannes & Margaret Emrich—Born Sept. 19, 1814; died May 16, 1829.
  9. G. T. B.
  10. A. N. A.
  11. T. N. A.
  12. B. T. N.

1781.

  1. C. A. D. A.
  2. R.

1788.

  1. Heinrich Grob—Born Nov. 21, 1755; died Oct. 18, 1841.
  2. (In list above)
  3. (In list above)
  4. Johannes Grob.
  5. Ester, wife of the Rev. R. T. Herman. Pos. of the Rev. Leidich, child of Jac. And Maria—Born Jan. 30, 1807; died July 2, 1848.
  6. Lita—

Anna—Daughters of Samuel Koons.

  1. Philip Kuntz, son of Michal Kuntz—Born Jan. 28, 171; died Feb. 22, 1842.
  2. Israel Kuntz, son of P. & E. Kuntz—Born Apr. 14, 1821; Sept. 17, 1839.
  3. R. Mertz.
  4. Johannes Krause—Born Dec. 27, 1754; did Aug. 19, 1870.
  5. Jacob Leidich—Born May 28, 1779; died Feb. 3, 1847.
  6. Maria Leidich—Born April 25, 1749; died Aug. 7
  7. Francis Leidig—Born Feb. 23, 1814; did Aug. 31, 1858.
  8. Henry Endre Leidig, son of Fran & Catherina Leidig.
  9. Rosina Leidig, daughter of Geo. D. and Maglena Buchert—Born Feb. 22, 1760; died Nov. 2, 1849.
  10. Samuel Leidig, son of P. & R. Leidig—Born Apr. 3, 1790; died Sept. 25, 1873.
  11. Hannah (Schwenkar) Leidig—Born Aug. 17, 1793; did Apr. 3, 1857.
  12. Sarah Ann Leidig, daughter of S. & H. Leidig, und eine Ehegattin von Fer’nd Reifschneider—Born Feb. 11, 1821; died Dec. 10, 1854.
  13. Eva Langenbein, eine geborne Fischer—Born Oct. 10, 1763; died May 8, 1851.
  14. Gottfried Langbein—Born Nov. 27, 1771; died Nov. 12, 1842.
  15. Catherine Puhl—Born July 12, 1798; died Nov. 12, 1842.
  16. M. B. M.
  17. Abraham Pool—Born Oct. 1, 1795; died July 12, 1894.
  18. Maria Catherin Mohr, dau. of G. & M. Mohr—Born Sept. 18, 1785; died Apr. 27, 1824.
  19. Elizabeth Sassemann—Born Jan. 10, 1778; died Nov. 9, 1808.
  20. Johannes Albert Schwenk, einen Soenchen von Dan and Maria Schwenk.
  21. Peter Schmidt, ein Soenchen von Jos. & Eva M. Schmidt—Born Mar. 9, 1807; died June 30, 1809.
  22. Maria Schweisfort (Bickhart)—Born Oct. 19, 1772; died May 10, 1839.
  23. Mary Stetler, wife of John Stetler—Age 40; 1777.
  24. Mary Stetler—Born Nov. 12, 1734; died Sept. 1775.
  25. Heinrich Stattler—Born 1706; died 1763.
  26. Heinrich Stattler—Born 1732; died May 8, 1780.
  27. Catherine Mattes, nee Schwenken, wife of Johannes Mattes
  28. A. S.—

A.S.—Twins, daughters of Adam and Elizabeth Stettler.

  1. Reichert Stettler, son of Adam and Esther Stettler (2nd wife).
  2. The last burial in this cemetery was of Thomas Roads, who died of smallpox. His friends of the P. O. S. of A. buried him at midnight in the Leydich cemetery and placed a stone whose inscription reads:

Thomas Rhoads
Born March 11, 1872
Died Dec. 8, 1901
Age 29 years, 9 mo., 17 days
Erected by W. G. No. 474, P. O. S. of A.
Sassamansville, Pa.

 

In Dotterer’s “The Perkiomen Region, Past and Present,” Vol. I, the full inscriptions on the following tombs are presented by George Nyce: Caspar Achenbach, Elizabeth Bitting, Maria Magdalena Achenbach, Angelina Bitting, Ana Gertraut Bitting, Ludwig Bitting, Magdalena Christman, Jost Bitting, Joseph Bitting, Samuel Bayer, Johannes Emmerich, Margaretha Margaret Emmerich, Anna Grob, Henrich Grob, Maria Salome Kuntz, John Koons, Frederick Koons, Mary Koons, Henry Krouse, Danie Krauss, Margaretha Krauss, Georg Langbein, Eva Langbein, Henrich Langbein, Margreth Langbein, Johann Philip Leydich, Catharina Leidig, Frantz Leidich, Christina Leidig, Philip Leydig, Rosina Leidig, Jacob Reifschneider, Catharina Reifschneider, George Mohr, Maria Barbara Mohr, Johannes Reimer, Maria Catharina Reimer, Ludwig Reimer, Susanna Reimer, Peter Schweisfort, Maria Schweisfort, John Stetler, Mary Stetler, Henrich Stattler, Henrich Stattlers, Catharina Stettler, Christian Stettler, Catharina Elisabetha Stettler, Benjamin Schneider, Elisabetha Schneider, Catharina Mattes.

From the above it is seen that a burial ground was here as early as 1763.

There is not a spot in the enclosed yard that does not contain a grave; every space is taken up. There is at eventide a peculiar restfulness at this quiet spot over which the sky forever keeps its vigil and the beautiful hills stand in glory as silent sentinels. As the sun sinks slowly to rest, the shadows deepening in the valley below stretch out and take the whole earth in their sheltering embrace, casting a wonderful blanket of peace over the resting place of these sturdy people, whom we love to honor as the forefathers of a mighty nation.

[1], The Perkiomen Region (1921) pp. 145-151

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Old Epitaphs: Leidig’s Burying Ground

Old Epitaphs: Leidig’s Burying Ground[1]

By George S. Nyce.

[It is with much satisfaction that we present the inscriptions on some of the gravestones in Leidig’s Burying Ground. Mr. Nyce has carefully copied them for preservation, and has kindly permitted us to make extracts from his record. The lettering on these old gravestones is gradually wearing, time and climate making it more indistinct from year to year. The thoughtfulness of those who take measures to preserve them, for the use of genealogists in the future, is eminently praiseworthy. Leidig’s private burying ground is located in the southwestern part of Frederick Township, east of Swamp Creek. It originally contained one-quarter of an acre, which was enclosed in 1783 with a stone wall. The ground was taken, prior to 1764, from the adjoining farms of Christian Stetler, the Rev. John Philip Leydich, Henry Smith and George Michael Kuntz. In recent years another quarter of an acre has been added. On May 9, 1892, an organization having for its object the care of the graves and grounds was formed. The officers are: President, J. A. Sweisfort; treasurer, George F. Moore; secretary, G. A. Weida, M. D.; trustees, Peter S. Bitting, I. W. Stetler, Milton F. Leidy. The association has spent $54.00 and has a fund of $135.00 at interest.—Ed.]

Hier / Ruhet in Gott / der Leib des verstorbenen / Casper Achenbach / Er wurde gebohren im Jahr / 1713, und ist gestorben den 27 / ten December 1798. Ist alt / worden 85 Jahr. / Sein Leichen Text: Denn Christus / ist mein Leben und Sterben ist mein ge- / winn.

Zum Andenken an / Elizabeth Bitting / Gattin von / Joseph Bitting / Tochter von / Peter Schæffer, / und seiner Ehefrau. / Geboren den 10 April / 1796, starb den 10 Pebruar / 1872, alt 75 Jahre und 10 mo, / verehelichte sich d: 1 Nov. 1818.

Hier / ruhet in Gott / der Leib der verstorbenen / Maria Magdalena / Achenbach, / Sie wurde gebohren den 17 / ten Mertz 1730 und ist / gestorben den 7 ten January / 1808, ist alt worden 78 / Jahr, 9 monat und 3 wochen. / Leichen Text, Philipper / im ersten Capitel den 23 vers / Ich habe lust abzuscheiden und / bey Christo zer seyn.

Hier / Ruhet in Gott der / Leib der verstorbenen / AmgneSea Bittingen. / Gebohren d: 14ten Feber- / Wari 1727, Gestorben / d: 2ten NoVember 1785 / Ihres Alters 58 Iahr / 8 Monnat und 8 Tag.

Hier / ruhen die Gebeine / der verstorbenen / Ana Gertraut Bitting, / gewesene Ehefrau von Lud- / wig Bitting, sie wurde ge- / bohren den 16ten February / 1763, und starb den 26ten / September im Jahr 1818, / in einem Alter von 65 Jah- / ren 7 Monathen u. 10 tagen. / Ihr Leichen Text war Capitel an die / Hebraer das 4 Capitel vers 9, 10.

Hier ruhet / Ludwig / Bitting, / geboren den 24 October / 1759, / Starb den 3 April 1829 / alt / 69 Jahr, 5 Monate / und 9 Tage. / Text Philipper 1 vers / 23.

Hier / ruhet in Gott / Magdalena Christman / Tochten des Georg Michel / Schweinhart und seiner Ehe- / frau Magdalena u: Gattin / des Johannes Christman. / Sie wurde gebohren d. 22 / sten January im Jahr un- / seres Herrn 1789, und / starb d: 28sten November / 1823, in einem Alter / von 34 Jahre 10 Mona- / then und 6 Tage. / Ihr Leichen Text war Of- / fenbarung S. Johannes 14 / Capitel vers 13.

Hier / ruhen die Gebeine ernes Mit- / bruders Namens / Jost Bitting, / er wurde gebohren den 5 ten Tag / Julius in Jahr 1713, und ist / gestorben den 25 ten Tag Decem- / ber im Jahr 1801, / Sein Alter war 88 Jahren 5 / Monathen und 18 Tagen.

Samuel Bayer / gebohren den 2ten September / 1780, starb nach kurtzem Ehe- / standeden 3ten May, 1807, / in einem alter von 26 Jahre / 8 Monathe und 1 Tag. / Hier ruht ein Vater und ein / Gatte den Gottes Hand uns / frueh entriss, Der Liebe, die er zu / uns hatte, Weihn wir hier dies / gedæchtniss die Wittwe und / 2 Kinder.

Zum Andenken / an / Joseph Bitting, / Geboren den 8. December / 1790, starb den 1. October / 1869, alt 78 Jahr 9 Mo. / und 23 Tage. / verheirathete sich mit / Elizabeth Schæffer.

Zum Andenken an / Johannes / Sohn von / Johannes u. Maria / Emmerich. / Geboren den 24 marz 1778 / Starb den 12 may 1870 / Alter 92 Jahre 1 Monat / und 19 Tage. / Verehelichte sich mit / Margaret Krauss, den 15ten / Februar 1801, lebte in der Ehe 50 / Jahre, zeugte 7 Sohne, u 5 Tochter. / Text: Ev. Joh. 16, 22 v.

Zum Andenken an / Margaretha. / Margaret Emmerich, / Ehegattin von Johannes / Emmerich, und Tochter / von Daniel und Margaretha / Kraus. Sie war geboren / am 9 October 1782, / verheirathete sich am / 15 Februar 1801, Lebte / in der Ehe 50 Jahre, zeugte / 8 Sohne und 4 Tochter und / Starb am 21 August 1851 / Ihres Alters 68 Jahr 10 / Monate und 12 Tag.

Hier / ruhet der leib der / verstorbenen / ANNA. GROBIN / Sie wurde geboren im Jahr / 1728 den 29ten Octo- / ber und ist gestorben im Jahr / 1800 den 25ten Septem- / ber. Ist alt worden 71 Jahr / 10 Monath und 25 Tag.

Zum / Andenken an / Henrich Grob, / Er wurde geboren den / 2ten Tag November / 1755 / Er ist gestorben den / 18ten October im Jahr / 1841. / Er brachte sein Alter / auf 85 Jahr 10 M. 27 Tage.

Gewidmet / aus Eindlicher Liebe / der / verewigten Frau / Maria Salome / Kuntz / Ehefrau des Michael Kuntz, / Sie wurde geboren den 28ten / November 1745, starb den 4ten / December 1832, ihres Alters / 87 Jahre und 6 Tage. / Leichentext: Offenbarung / Johannes Cap. 14 vers 13.

Leser / lese und erinre / dich des weyland gewesenen / Johannes Herger, / desen entschlafenen Glieder / hier die Auferstehung erwarten / Er wurde in diesem Abendlande / gebohren den 2ten May 1721, / und starb den 5ten December 1795, / in einem gesegnetem alter von / 74 Jahr 7 Monath und 2 Tag. / Leichen Text, Psalm 31 Vers 6. In / deine Hände befehle ich meinen Geist: etc.

Hier / ruhet in Gott / der Leib der verstorbenen / Maria Salome Herriger. / Sie wurde gebohren in Deutsch / land in der Pfaltz den 15ten Tag / Aprill im Jahr 1719, / und starb den 24ten Tag No- / vember im Jahr 1800 / Ist alt worden 81 Jahr 7 / Monathe und 9 Tage / Leichen Text. 2 Petri am 3, Vers 9.

In / Memory of / Ester, wife of / Rev. R. T. HERMAN, / Pos. of Rev. LEIDICH, / child of Jac. and Maria / Born Jan. 3d, 1807. / Died July 2, 1848. / Text. Ev. John, 8. 51. / Hier / ruhen in Gott / die gebeine des verstorbenes / Michael Kuntz. / Er wurde in diesem Abend / Lande gebohren den 7ten / Tag July im Jahr unsers / Herrn 1742, und starb / den 7ten July im Jahr / 1824, in einem gesegne- / tem Alter von 82 Jahren, / Viel besser ist gestorben / Als in der Welt gelebt / Die Schwachheit ist verdorben / Wo innen Mann geschwebt / Gott eilet mit den seinen / Zur schönen Himmels pracht / Wer mag nun den beweinen / Der bei den Englen lacht.

In / memory of / JOHN KOONS / who departed this life / July 15th 1830 aged / 60 years 1 Month and / 15 days.

In / memory of / Frederick Koons, / who departed this life / August 19th 1823, aged 79 years / 1 Month and 13 days.

In / memory of / MARY KOONS, wife of / Frederick Koons, who departed this life / July 31st 1825 aged / 75 years 3 months and / 24 days

Here Lieth the Body of / HENRY KROUSE, / who departed this life / August the 12th 1794 / Aged 50 Years 5 Months / and 2 Days.

Hier / ruhen die Gebeine / von dem verstorbenen / Henrich Langbein / Er wurde geboren den / 10ten August 1749 / und ist gestorben den / 24ten September 1819 / alt 70 Jahr 1 Monat / und 14 Tag.

Hier / ruhen in Gott / die Gebeine des Gewesenen / Daniel Krauss / Er wurde gebohren im Jahr / unsers Herrn 1742 den 14 / ten Julius und begab sich in / den Stand der Heiligen Ehe / den 10ten August 1772 mit / Margaretha eine gebohrne / Sehler. In welcher Ehe sie 8 / Kinder zeugten nämlich 5 Söh- / ne und 3 Töchter. Er starb den / 10ten October 1823, Seines / alters 81 Jahre 2 Monathe / und 26 Tage / Sein Leichentext war Psalm 31 vers . . . / In deine hände befehle ich meinem geist, / du hast mich erleset, Herr, du teuer Gott.

Hier / ruhen in Gott / die Gebeine der / gewesenen / Margaretha Krauss. / Sie wurden gebohren den 9ten / July 1752 und verehlichte / sich auf den 10ten August / 1772, mit Daniel Krauss / In welcher Ehe sie 8 Kinder / zeugten nämlich 5 Söhne und / 3 Töchter. Sie starb den 14ten / May 1822, nachdem Sie ihr / Alter auf 69 Jahre 10 Mo- / nathe und 5 Tage gebracht hatte. / Hier / ruhen die Gebeine des / verstorbenen / George Langbein, / geboren den 25 März / im Jahr 1759. / starb den 25 September / im Jahr 1826 / brachte sein alter auf / 67 Jahre und / 6 Monate. / Text. Offenb. 21, vers 4.

Hier ruhet / Eva Langenbein / eine geborne Fischer. / Sie wurde geboren den / 10ten October / 1763 / Gestorben den 8ten May/ 1851 / Alt 87 Jahr 6 Monat / und 29 Tage.

Hier / ruhen die Gebeine / von dem verstorbenen / Henrich Langbein / Er wurden geboren den / 10ten August 1749 / und ist gestorben den / 24ten September 1819 / alt 70 Jahr 1 Monat / und 14 Tag.

Hier / ruhen die Gebeine / von der verstorbenen / Margreth Langbein. / Sie wurde geboren den / 12ten August 1753, und / ist gestorben den 12ten / October 1823, alt 70 / Jahr und 2 Monat.

IOHANN PHILIP LEYDICH / Reformierter Brediger / war gebohren 1715 / den 29 April / ist gestorben den 12ten / October 1823, alt 70 / Jahr und 2 Monat.

Dem / Andenken der verewigten / Catharena Leidig. / Sie war geboren den 30ten / Tag Juny im Jahr 1721 / vershlicht mit dem verstorbenen / Reformirter Prediger / Philip Leidig, / und starb den 31ten Tag / October im Jahr 1801, / alt 80 Jahre 4 Monathe / und 1 Tag. / Leichentext Iasaia am 3 Cap. vers 10.

Hier Ruhet in Gott / der Leib des verstorbenen / Frantz Leidich, / war gebohren den 26ten Martz im / Jahr 1745 und ist gestorben den 2ten / Juny 1811, / Seines Alters 66 Jahr 2 Monath / und 7 tage / Leichen text. Hebrair am 4ten Capitel vers und 10.

Hier / ruhet in Gott / der Leib der verstorbenen / CHRISTINA / LEIDIG. / Sie wurde gebohren / im December 1748 / und ist Gestorben / den 9ten October 1821 / ihres Alters 72 Jahr / 10 Monat. / Text Iesaias das 3 / capitel verst 10.

Hier / ruhen in Gott / die Gebeine des gewesenen / Philip Leydig. / Er wurde gebohren den 21sten / May im Jahr unseres Herren / 1755 verehelichte sich mit / Rosina Bucher, eine Tochter / des Georg Diederich Bucherts, / sie zeugten 6 Kinder nämlich 1 / Sohn und 5 Tochter und starb den 14 / ten Mertz im Jahr 1822, in / einem alter von 66 Jahren 9 Mo- / nathen und 21 Tagen.

Ein / denkmal für / Rosina Leidig, / Tochter von Georg Dieter u / Magdalena Buchert, Sie / wurde geboren den 22 Februar / 1760 / Und begab sich in den stand der / Ehe mit / Philip Leidig. / Sie lebten im Ehestand 42 / Jahr nud zeichten 6 Kinder 1 / Sohn und 5 Tochter Nachher / lebte sie 28 Jahr wittwe / Starb den 2ten November / 1749, / Alt 89 Jahr 8 Monat / und 9 Tage.

Hier / ruhen in Gott / die Gebeine des gewesenen / Jacob Reifschneider, / Sohn des Sebastian Reif- / schneider und seiner Ehefrau / Arsula, / Er wurde gebohren im Jahr / 1769, / und starb den 26sten Tag / February 1832, Seines / alters ongefehr 63 Jahre. / Leichen Text Evangelium S. Johannes / das 5the Capitel vers 24.

Hier / ruhen die Gebeine von / Catharina Reifschneider / eine gebohrne Kuntz / und Gattin des Jacob Reif- / schneider. / Sie wurde gebohren auf den 2 / ten Tag May im Jahr / 1775 / und starb deen 22sten Sep- / tember 1828. Ihres al- / ters 53 Jahre 4 Monathe / und 20 Tage / Ihr Leichen text war Offenbarung S. / Johannes das 7 Capitel vers 16.

Hier / ruhen des Gebeine von / des verstorbenen / Georg Mohr, / Er wurde geboren den / 27ten October 1758 / und ist gestorben den 7ten / January 1824, brachte / sein Alter auf 65 Jahr / 2 Monat und 11 Tag. / Leichen Text, Jesaias 54 / capitel verst 10.

Hier / ruhen die Gebeine von / der verstorbenen / Maria Barbara / Mohr, / gewesene Ehefrau des Georg / Mohr, eine geborne Lang- / beinen, sie wurde geboren / den 23ten February 1756, / ist gestorben den 27ten May / 1807, brachte ihr alter / auf 51 Jahr 3 Monat / und 4 Tag.

Hier / ruhen die Gebeine / von des verstorbenen / Johannes Reimer. / Er wurde gebohren den 23ten / November im Jahr 1734, / und ist gestorben den 18ten Ja- / nuary im Jahr 1822. Er / brachte sein Alter auf 87 / Jahr 1 Monat und 25 Tag. / Leichen Text. 2 Epistel an die / Corinther 5 Capitel den 10 verst.

Hier / ruhen die Gebeine / der verstorbenen / Maria Catharina / Reimer / wartend aut die Anferste- / hung der Todten, sie wur- / de gebohren den 26 sten / May 1738 und starb / den 27sten September / 1813.

Hier / ruhen die Gebeine / von des verstorbenen / Ludwig Reimer / Er wurde gebohren den / 15ten February im Jahr / 1736, und ist gestor- / ben den 10ten September / im Jahr 1818. Er brac- / hte sein Alter auf 82 / Jahr 6 Monat und / 25 Tage. / Leichen Text ist 39 Psalm / 5 und 6 vers.

Hier / ruhen die Gebeine / von der verstorbenen / Susanna Reimer / Sie wurde gebohren den / 24ten October im Jahr / 1740, und ist gestorben / den 4ten January im Ja- / hr 1822. Sie brachte, ihr / Alter auf 81 Jahr 2 / Monat und 10 Tag. / Leichen Text, Johannes 5 / Capitel und der 24 verst.

Hier / ruhen de gebeine von / Peter Schweisfort / geboren den 29 Septr / 1771, Starb den 22 / Jan’y 1834, brachte / sein Alter auf 82 Jahr / 3 mo und 23 Tage / Leichen Text Psalm 73 / vers 25 und 26.

Hier / ruhen die Gebeine von / Maria Schweisfort / geborne Bickhart. sie / war geboren den 19 / October 1772, / starb den 10 May 1839 / brachte ihr Alter auf / 66 Jahre, 6 Monate / und 19 Tage. / Text. Evang. Joh. 5 / vers. 24.

In / Memory of / John Stetler, / who was born in the Year / of our Lord 1729, and / Departed this life the / 29th Day of December / 1812. Aged 83 Years. / Remember man / as you Pass by As you are / now So once was I. As I am / now so you must be Prepa- / re for Death and Follow me.

In / Memory of / Mary Stetler, / who was born the 12th / of November in the Year / of our Lord 1734, and / Departed this life in Sep- / tember in the Year of our / Lord 1775 Aged 41 Years. / O death thy pains are / most Severe when once / the stroke is given Christ / I hope has sent for me. To / dwell with him in Heaven.

Dis Ist die rue / StAed eines christilchen / Mithrudryes dieser / GemeInde nahmens / henrich Stattler. Ist / Gebohren Im Jahr christe / 1706 und starb den 16 / September 1763. Sein / Ganses alter War / 57 Jahr. Ich habe / lust abzuscheiden und / bei christus zu sein / welches auch viel besser / wer.

Hier Ruhet der / Leichnam des / verstorbenen / Henrich Stattlers / Er wurde gebohren im / Jahr 1732. Verlies das / Zeitliche 1780, den / 9ten May Seines / Alters 48 Jahr.

Hier / ruhen die Gebeine von / Catharina Stettler / gewesene Ehe Frau von / Heinrich Stetler / Sie wurde geboren den 9 November / 1738 / und Starb den 14 September / 1830. / brachte ihr alter auf 91 Jahre / 10 Monate und 5 Tage.

Hier / ruhen die Gebeine / eines verstorbenen mitbruders / namens / Christian Stettler. / Er wurde gebohren den 3ten tag / February im Jahr unsers Herrn / 1741, / und ist gestorben den 5ten tag De- / cember im Jahr 1813, sein gan- / tzes alter war 72 Jahr 10 / Monathe und 2 Tage.

Hier / ruhen die Ge- / beine der verstorbenen / Catharina Elesabetha / Stettler / gewesene Ehefrau von / Christian Stettler. / Sie wurde gebohren den / 20 sten August im Jahr / 1746 / und ist gestorben den 3ten / Tag November im Jahr / 1826 / ihres alters 80 Jahre 2 / Monath und 14 Tage.

Dem / Andenken an / Benjamin Schneider / gewidtmet von seiner zurueckgebliebe- / nen Witwe und Tochter. Er war / gebohren den 10ten May 1757 / und wurde nach einem 23 Jährigen / Ehestande hier bei den Gräber sei- / nes Sohnes und Enkelskens / beerdight den 6ten February 1804, / elt 46 Jahre 9 Monathe / und 7 Tage.

Hier / ruhen die Ge- / beine der verstorbenen / Elisabetha Schneidern, / gewesene Ehefrau des Benjamin / Schneider, sie wurde ge- / bohren den 23sten November / im Jahr 1761 und ist gestor- / ben den 19ten tag November / im Jahr 1817. Ihres alters / 55 Jahre 11 Monathe und / 28 Tage / Leichentext Jesaias 56 Capitel / vers 2.

Hier / ruhen die Gebeine / von der verstorbenen / Catharina Mattes, / eine gewesene Ehefrau des Jo- / hannes Mattes, gebohrne Sch- / wencken. Sie wurde gebohren / den 3ten February im Jahr / 1790, und ist gestorben den / 24ten September 1816, / Sie brachte ihr Alter auf / 62 Jahr 7 Monat und / 21 Tag.

[1] Henry S. Dotterer, editor, The Perkiomen Region, Past and Present (Philadelphia: Perkiomen Publishing Company, 1895), pages 8-9, 29, 54-57.

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A Faithful Steward: Clinton Rogers Woodruff (1936)

woodruff.jpgA Faithful Steward: Clinton Rogers Woodruff
By S. H. Warnock (1936)

FOR THE PAST four years, the department of public welfare in the city of Philadelphia has been noted for its capable administration. Leading citizens, irrespective of political affiliations have remarked on the fairness, efficiency, and strict adherence to the merit system which have characterized this department.

The head of the, department during these years and the man to whom credit in large measure is due for its excellent record is Clinton Rogers Woodruff, a prominent Churchman and associate editor of The Living Church.

Under the law, the mayor of Philadelphia, the Hon. J. Hampton Moore, may not succeed himself in office. In January his term expired, and the mayor’s cabinet, of which Mr. Woodruff as director of the department of public welfare was a member, was dissolved.

The writer believes that the achievements of Mr. Woodruff’s administration as evidence of a Churchman’s record in public office are of considerable interest to the Church at large.

For a number of years Mr. Woodruff has been a member of the department of Christian social service in the diocese of Pennsylvania, and its chairman since 1931. For many years he has been keenly interested in social service and public welfare work and also for many years has been the head of the city’s oldest public welfare association.

It was this background of experience which induced the mayor four years ago to select him as a member of his cabinet and to assign him to the public welfare department. Throughout those four years under most difficult conditions and with political partisan feeling frequently at white heat the department under Mr. Woodruff was virtually without criticism. As citizens now are looking to the future they are characterizing his administration as being chiefly remarkable for the broad humanitarianism of its director and for his personal interest and devotion to the duties of his office.

The office is necessarily one of tremendous detail, coming into personal contact with more individuals than perhaps any other of the many departments under the mayor. One of the striking evidences of the excellence of the department’s administration was its devotion to the principle of civil service, every vacancy being filled by the selection of the individual who was number one on the civil service list.

Several other illustrations will serve to show the efficiency and the sympathy which characterized Mr. Woodruff’s administration. When he took over the office he found hundreds of men in the home for the indigent sleeping in cellars at the almshouse site. The excuse was that there was no money with Which to purchase material to equip a building already on the grounds. Within fifteen days Director Woodruff found plenty of material around the place and by using available labor in less than a month had all the men out of the cellar and in comfortable sleeping quarters—all this without one cent of expense to the city.

In another instance he found a commissary department operated by an outside party who was making a considerable profit by the sale of small articles such as cigarettes and tobacco. This was immediately stopped and with a small revolving fund the commissary was operated by the chief appointed by Mr. Woodruff and all the profits went to supply extras for the unfortunates which enabled them to make their living quarters more comfortable and nearer homelike.

Another striking reform instituted was the formation of a school for boys over 16 years of age who were committed to the house of correction for minor offenses.

Some idea of the scope of the work of the welfare department to which Mr. Woodruff gave his personal attention may be seen in the following summary: In the home for the indigent he had the responsibility of caring for an average of 2,000 men and women; in the house of correction a daily average of between 700 and 1,000, a personal assistance bureau caring for individual citizens numbering as high as 5,000 at a time, a temporary shelter for abandoned and neglected children and finding foster homes for from twenty to twenty-five of them a day; operation of a summer camp for children during July and August caring for approximately 1,800 and, in addition all year round management of forty-one city playgrounds and recreation centers with all the attending details in which the yearly attendance ran in many, many thousands.

And as the four years of this Christian public official terminate, citizens of Philadelphia today are pointing to this department as having been most efficiently and economically administered with greatly reduced appropriations, with no public service neglected, no evidence of wastefulness, and without the slightest indication of any grafting being countenanced or permitted.

The Living Church (Milwaukee), 1936, p. 1938.

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The Torok Case (1936)

THE CONTROVERSY over the case of Bishop Torok has broken out anew, the latest developments in it being the appeal by Bishop Manning and six other bishops for an investigation by the House of Bishops and the statement of Bishop Wilson that he has asked Dr. Torok to refrain from participating in the consecration of any bishop or ordaining any priest until the matter can again come before the House of Bishops. The curious thing about this whole unfortunate controversy is that both parties are demanding the same thing—an investigation by the House of Bishops. To ,the impartial observer it would certainly seem that the decision of the question as to the status of Bishop Torok and the desirability of admitting him as a bishop in the Episcopal Church is plainly a question for the House of Bishops to determine. However, the House of Bishops has twice had the opportunity of making a definite ruling on this whole matter—at Atlantic City in 1934 and at Houston in 1935—and twice has failed to do so. The first time the House rejected the election of Dr. Torok as Suffragan Bishop of Eau Claire but did not pass on the questions of the validity of his consecration or his status so far as the Episcopal Church is concerned. The Presiding Bishop accordingly appointed a committee to investigate these matters and that committee reported at the session of the House in Houston last November. It appears now that the bishops at Houston neither accepted nor rejected this report but declined even to receive it officially. In short, they simply dodged the whole issue.

Because the House of Bishops did not face this question fairly and squarely as it ought to have done a very grave misunderstanding and confusion has resulted. Bishop Wilson interpreted the silence of the House as giving tacit consent to his reception of Dr. Torok as a bishop in the Episcopal Church, and proceeded to do so within two weeks of the meeting of the bishops. Bishop Manning and his associates derived a directly contrary meaning from the silence of the House, and in their present protest they make out a very strong case, though we think not a conclusive one, against the acknowledgment of Dr. Torok as a bishop in the Episcopal Church.

It seems to us that both parties to the controversy are acting in good faith and-are justified in their contrary views of the attitude of the House of Bishops. If the House had simply had the courage to state definitely either (a) that Bishop Torek’s orders were valid and that he might be received as a bishop in the Episcopal Church, giving also some indication of how that acknowledgment should be made, or (b) that his orders were not valid or that for some other reason he should not be acknowledged as a bishop in the Episcopal Church—if the House had taken either of these reasonable attitudes the whole question could have been settled very easily. At Atlantic City and again at Houston a year later, the House of Bishops had the opportunity of taking such action. By choosing instead to pursue a vague and indefinite course and to postpone the day of judgment, the bishops corporately have taken upon themselves the responsibility for a controversy that was unnecessary and that cannot fail to injure the good name of the Church.

We realize that what we have said will not be popular with either party to the controversy and will bring The Living Church into further disrepute among the bishops of the Church. We feel nevertheless that the duty of the Church press is to express its opinion frankly on matters of grave importance to the Church, and that we have conscientiously tried to do. Justice to Bishops Wilson and Torok and the good name of the Church require that the House of Bishops cease evading the issue and render a clear, unequivocal, public decision in the matter at its next meeting.

The Living Church, January 25, 1936, p. 95.

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Asserts Dr. Torok is Bishop of No Church (1936)

Bishop Manning, in Reply to Bishop Wilson, States That Dr. Torok Claimed Orthodox Orders

New York—Bishop Manning of New York has made public a reply to Bishop Wilson’s letter to the members of the House of Bishops (L. C, March 7th) in a letter also addressed to the members of the House, asserting that “the claim has been all along in one form or another that Dr. Torok is a bishop with the orders of the Eastern Orthodox Church” and that “this claim has been officially and publicly rejected … by the Ecumenical Patriarchate after synodical action.”

Bishop Manning also states that “the Episcopal Church was not responsible for Dr. Torok’s consecration,” and repeats his belief that the “unconstitutional action of the Bishop of Eau Claire purporting to give Dr. Torok status as a bishop in this Church” if allowed to stand uncorrected “would establish a dangerous precedent in the Church.”

The text of Bishop Manning’s letter follows:

“My dear Bishop:

“I regret greatly that it is necessary to refer to this matter again at this season. The duty imposed upon the bishops who are protesting against the action of the Bishop of Eau Claire purporting to give Dr. Torok status as a bishop in this Church is in every way a distasteful one, but the situation has been forced upon the Church and it must be met. The whole case is most unfortunate, but it would be still more unfortunate for the Church if this action should be allowed to stand and there are some statements in Bishop Wilson’s letter of February 27th which must not pass without comment.

“1. In that letter the Bishop of Eau Claire refers not very respectfully to, and in fact calls in question the good faith of, Archbishop Athenagoras who is held in the highest possible esteem and regard by all who know him. The tone of Bishop Wilson’s letter toward the official representative of the Ecumenical Patriarch is not calculated to strengthen the relations between our own Church and the Eastern Orthodox Churches nor to aid the cause of unity. Certainly the attitude shown in that letter toward Archbishop Athenagoras does not represent the feeling of our bishops generally.

“2. The Bishop of Eau Claire goes so far as to write, ‘Not until June of 1934 did Athenagoras communicate this information to the Patriarch. He received a reply last March which he held for ten months. Now it suddenly comes to light when the Patriarch is safely dead.’ But Bishop Wilson ignores the statement in the Patriarch’s letter that this pronouncement was made ‘after a synodical decision.’ The judgment given is not that of the Patriarch alone. It is the judgment of the Patriarchate. And the Patriarchate is not dead. The official pronouncement refers to the fact that ‘this person has changed successively three confessions,’ and also the fact of Dr. Torok’s marriage, and states definitely that ‘his recognition as an Orthodox Bishop is inadmissible.’

“3. Bishop Wilson declares that the pronouncement by the Patriarch that Dr. Torok cannot be recognized as an Orthodox bishop is of no importance in the case. He writes ‘What of it? Nobody ever expected that he would be so recognized. I have repeatedly explained that he never intended to be an Orthodox bishop and was not consecrated for that purpose.’ But in this same letter Bishop Wilson writes that Dr. Torok requested Archbishop Athenagoras to forward his resignation to the Head of the Eastern Orthodox Communion. If Dr. Torok did not claim to be an Orthodox bishop and if ‘nobody ever expected that he would be so recognized’ why did he make this application to the Ecumenical Patriarch? The Patriarch in his pronouncement says that Dr. Torok asked ‘that his orders should be recognized as valid,’ and the official reply is that Dr. Torok’s ‘recognition as an Orthodox bishop is inadmissible.’

“4. With regard to the statement in Bishop Wilson’s letter concerning Bishop Gorazd it is at this time sufficient to say that his address to the House of Deputies in 1922, which Bishop Wilson cites, has no bearing on his status in 1924, the year of Dr. Torok’s consecration. It was in this year, 1924, that the priests ordained by Bishop Gorazd were re-ordained by the Ecumenical Patriarch’s representative in Czechoslovakia, Archbishop Savvaty of Prague.

A COMPLICATED CASE

“The case is a complicated one, but the main facts are clear enough. Leaving aside the serious questions which have been referred to previously and which would of course have to be fully enquired into before Dr. Torok could be given status as a bishop in this Church, the following facts can be shown from the records.

“1. The claim has been all along in one form or another that Dr. Torok is a bishop with the orders of the Eastern Orthodox Church. On this claim the whole case has been based, and it is this claim which has been officially and publicly rejected not only by the Ecumenical Patriarch but by the Ecumenical Patriarchate after synodical action.

“2. Dr. Torok has never been recognized as a bishop in the Eastern Orthodox Church and there is no Church of which our Church has any knowledge in which he is recognized as a bishop.

“3. The Episcopal Church was not responsible for Dr. Torok’s consecration, and never assumed nor recognized any responsibility for it. This can be proved from the records beyond all question.

“4. As Bishop Wilson expresses doubt in regard to my statement that Dr. Torok was notified some time ago of the pronouncement by the Patriarch I may say that this information was given to me by Archbishop Athenagoras himself. Whether Dr. Torok has yet received the communication I cannot say, but I can and do state on the authority of Archbishop Athenagoras that the official notification was sent to him.

“This- case has been an unfortunate one for the Church from its beginning but the important facts can be clearly shown from the records and these facts will be presented to the House of Bishops when it meets.

“The matter of most immediate concern to the Church is the unconstitutional action of the Bishop of Eau Claire purporting to give Dr. Torok status as a bishop in this Church. If that action should be allowed to stand uncorrected it would establish a most dangerous precedent in the Church.”

(The Rt. Rev.) William T. Manning,
New York City. Bishop of New York.

The Living Church, March 14, 1936, pp. 339, 351.

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